The role of culture is examined in the modern world as a strategic factor of providing of national and global safety. It is shown that a national culture is foundation of national safety and simultaneously – by the important factor of global safety, maintenance of cultural variety of the modern world. Cultural expansion of the USA and some other
countries of the West, that actively impose the culture and cultural values to other world, counteracts it. On the example of international agreement on trade in arms the issues of the day of modern strategic culture and necessity of forming in society of culture of responsibility are shown for the actions.