A critical analysis of the new UN strategy for sustainable development for the period up to 2030, adopted at the 70th session of the UN General Assembly in 2015, is carried out.it is Shown that this strategy lacks a number of important geopolitical, information and humanitarian problems of global security, without which further sustainable development of civilization is impossible.
The problem of social stability of society, which is considered as an important factor of national and global security, is analyzed. The structure of this problem and the content of its individual components are shown. Examples of quantitative assessment of the level of social stability in the BRICS countries and the Eurasian economic Union, as well as in the USA and Sweden are given. The necessity of the state policy of increasing the level of social stability of the society is shown.
Reviewed the current structure of problems of global security in the development of civilization in the XXI century. The role of humanitarian factors in solving these problems and set the priorities of the world community in the coming period. It is shown that in the first place, they should be aimed at preventing a new world war. The prerequisite for this is ensuring that the geopolitical and military balance between East and West, as well as further arms reduction and demilitarization of the economy. The following priorities are ensuring the compatibility with the biosphere of man and nature in the process of development of civilization, overcoming the systemic crisis of modern culture, and anthropological crisis, signs of which are becoming more prominent.
The article analyzes the problem of interconnection of security and development and the establishment of the new security concept of values. The concept of sustainable development, introduced in the last decades, combines a unified system of conservation (security) and change (progressive development) of civilization with environmental conservation. Sustainable development in the broadest sense is seen as the safest type of evolution, which reduces to an acceptable level any negative impact on the civilization and the biosphere for the purpose of their conservation and coevolution. It is expected that in the future global world with sustainable development, most types of security, including national and global security, will be mainly provided not through the defense but through this type of the most secure development.
Examines the problem of trust in geopolitics, which is seen as a necessary condition of global security in the modern world. Special attention is given to international and inter-ethnic aspects of the problem, and the problem of trust in the government. It is shown that these aspects are the reasons observed in recent years of increasing international and social tensions.