The main trends in the global evolution of society, man and his environment in the XXI century are analyzed. It is shown that these trends are revolutionary and in the coming decades will lead to radical transformations in almost all spheres of society. At the same time, the projected changes are both positive and negative and therefore create for the individual and society not only new unprecedented opportunities for its development, but also new challenges, threats and dangers. To effectively counter them, a new worldview of the intellectual elite and scientific education of society are needed. And today these are the most urgent tasks for science, education and culture.