This article analyzes the changes that have taken place in Russian institutes of culture in more than half a century since its inception. There are three historical periods in the development of institutions of this type: 1) create a network of institutes of culture throughout the country (1964-1989). 2) mass renaming of institutes of culture and expansion of the range of educational programs implemented (1990s – 2012).; 3) the period of changes in Russian higher education and the state cultural policy (since 2013).
A critical analysis of the new UN strategy for sustainable development for the period up to 2030, adopted at the 70th session of the UN General Assembly in 2015, is carried out.it is Shown that this strategy lacks a number of important geopolitical, information and humanitarian problems of global security, without which further sustainable development of civilization is impossible.
The article notes that V.I. Vernadsky paid great attention in his writings to the formation of a scientific worldview in which globalism and evolutionism occupied a significant place. The scientist laid the scientific foundations of the research of global processes and can rightfully be considered the founder of the science of the global world.
The problem of social stability of society, which is considered as an important factor of national and global security, is analyzed. The structure of this problem and the content of its individual components are shown. Examples of quantitative assessment of the level of social stability in the BRICS countries and the Eurasian economic Union, as well as in the USA and Sweden are given. The necessity of the state policy of increasing the level of social stability of the society is shown.
The problem of the development of international cooperation in the sphere of culture is considered, the relevance of which has been growing in recent years in connection with the need to reduce international tension and increase the level of trust between the peoples of different countries. Examples are given of the successful development of such cooperation between Russia and Bulgaria, in which non-governmental organizations play an important role.