The main trends in the global evolution of society, man and his environment in the XXI century are analyzed. It is shown that these trends are revolutionary and in the coming decades will lead to radical transformations in almost all spheres of society. At the same time, the projected changes are both positive and negative and therefore create for the individual and society not only new unprecedented opportunities for its development, but also new challenges, threats and dangers. To effectively counter them, a new worldview of the intellectual elite and scientific education of society are needed. And today these are the most urgent tasks for science, education and culture.
This article analyzes the changes that have taken place in Russian institutes of culture in more than half a century since its inception. There are three historical periods in the development of institutions of this type: 1) create a network of institutes of culture throughout the country (1964-1989). 2) mass renaming of institutes of culture and expansion of the range of educational programs implemented (1990s – 2012).; 3) the period of changes in Russian higher education and the state cultural policy (since 2013).
A critical analysis of the new UN strategy for sustainable development for the period up to 2030, adopted at the 70th session of the UN General Assembly in 2015, is carried out.it is Shown that this strategy lacks a number of important geopolitical, information and humanitarian problems of global security, without which further sustainable development of civilization is impossible.
The article notes that V.I. Vernadsky paid great attention in his writings to the formation of a scientific worldview in which globalism and evolutionism occupied a significant place. The scientist laid the scientific foundations of the research of global processes and can rightfully be considered the founder of the science of the global world.
The problem of social stability of society, which is considered as an important factor of national and global security, is analyzed. The structure of this problem and the content of its individual components are shown. Examples of quantitative assessment of the level of social stability in the BRICS countries and the Eurasian economic Union, as well as in the USA and Sweden are given. The necessity of the state policy of increasing the level of social stability of the society is shown.