The article analyzes the problem of interconnection of security and development and the establishment of the new security concept of values. The concept of sustainable development, introduced in the last decades, combines a unified system of conservation (security) and change (progressive development) of civilization with environmental conservation. Sustainable development in the broadest sense is seen as the safest type of evolution, which reduces to an acceptable level any negative impact on the civilization and the biosphere for the purpose of their conservation and coevolution. It is expected that in the future global world with sustainable development, most types of security, including national and global security, will be mainly provided not through the defense but through this type of the most secure development. This fact requires systematic updating and improving the theoretical basis of the concept of sustainable development. There is a possibility of formation of two integrative areas of scientific knowledge, one of which can get the prefix “global” to its name («global securitology»), and the other will become a part of global studies as a new section of its interdisciplinary part, which can be called «security globalistics».